What is Pigmentation?

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Hyperpigmentation; prevention and treatment

Our skin gets its colour from a pigment called melanin. During sun exposure the UV radiation penetrates the lower layers of the epidermis, which triggers the melanocytes into producing melanin which is the body’s way of protecting the skin from burning. This causes our skin colour to darken, which is what happens when we tan.
 
HYPERPIGMENTATION
There are many types of hyperpigmentation, where skin can become uneven when melanin production goes into overdrive. One of the main causes is melasma; which is thought to be due to a change in hormones and can happen in pregnancy or due to certain medications. Sun-spots; also known as solar lentigo are caused by excess sun exposure however they may not be visible until years later. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation; is a result of injury or inflammation on the skin such as acne.
 
 
PREVENTION
Using a sun protection product is important all year round to prevent excess sun exposure triggering melanin overproduction which will cause uneven skin tone.  Many of us reach for sunscreen when it’s sunny, but did you know that UVA, visible light, and infrared-A can damage your skin all year round? All these rays are emitted by the sun and are powerful enough to penetrate cloud and glass – so even on the dullest days, our skin is still at risk.
 
We recommend the Heliocare 360 Colour gel oil-free SFP 50+ this oil-free formula gives high UVA, UVB, and visible light protection as well as minimising imperfections with a natural foundation like coverage. Our patients love this product and it comes in 3 shade to suit all skin tones.  Read more here;  https://aestheticaedinburgh.com/product/heliocare-360o-color-gel-oil-free-spf-50/
 
 
TREATMENT
We offer a range of services and at-home products that target uneven skin tone.
In clinic services such as chemical peels and micro-needling to resurface the skin and minimise dark spots. ZO 3 Step Peel Not just another ordinary peel! Utilising a blend of exfoliants, a 6% concentration of retinol and multi-action agents that stimulate collagen and restore moisture balance, it evens skin texture and tone for a softer, smoother, tighter, and brighter complexion.’
 
Home treatments such as retinol and intensive pigment correction can be added into skincare routines to help lighten exceeding melanin deposits leaving a move even and youthful complexion. Vitamin C products are also great to use alongside a brightening program to give a powerful boost of anti-oxidant protection. Medik8 are known to be leaders in the world of Vitamin C offering a range of products from moisturises to serums. We love the C-Tetra serum, find out more; https://aestheticaedinburgh.com/product/c-tetra/
 
 
ACNE
If you suffer from acne you may want to do anything to get rid of those troublesome breakouts however post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), those dark marks or spots left behind after a pimple heals, can be even more aggravating and distressing than breakout themselves. PIH is discoloration of the skin that follows an inflammatory wound. It is the skin’s natural response to inflammation. To reduce the risk as much as possible it is important to avoid causing additional trauma on the skin such as squeezing and picking at pimples.
 
If you suffer from acne seek expert advice on how to best manage your condition.
Reduce inflammation and decongest the skin by using ZO Complexion Clearing Masque with 10% active sulfur.  Find out more; https://aestheticaedinburgh.com/product/sulfur-mask/
 
Our skin experts are here to help, if you are concerned with anything highlighted in this blog contact the clinic for your complimentary skin consultation and we will be able to give personalised advice.
 
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